Low Sperm Count: Causes And Treatment

Infertility can be a challenging issue for couples aspiring to start a family. It affects both men and women, and one of the significant factors contributing to infertility in men is a low sperm count. In this comprehensive blog, we will explore the causes, treatment options, and the importance of finding the best IVF center in Patiala for couples facing this issue.

Understanding Low Sperm Count

A low sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is a condition where the concentration of sperm in a man’s ejaculate is lower than the normal range, which is typically around 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Having a low sperm count significantly reduces the chances of fertilizing an egg and can be a major roadblock for couples trying to conceive.

Causes of Low Sperm CountCauses of Low Sperm Count


There are several factors that can lead to a low sperm count in men, including:

Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as varicocele (enlarged veins in the testicles), infections, hormonal imbalances, and genetic disorders, can affect sperm production.

Lifestyle Factors: Unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug abuse, and obesity, can negatively impact sperm count and quality.

Environmental Factors: Exposure to environmental toxins like pesticides, radiation, and heavy metals can harm sperm production.

Heat: Elevated testicular temperature due to tight underwear, hot baths, or frequent use of saunas can reduce sperm count.

Stress: Chronic stress may disrupt hormone levels, affecting sperm production.

Age: Advanced age can lead to a decline in sperm count and quality.

Diagnosis of Low Sperm Count

Diagnosis of Low Sperm Count

Diagnosing low sperm count involves a comprehensive evaluation by a qualified healthcare provider. This typically includes:

Semen Analysis: A semen sample is collected and analyzed to determine the sperm count, motility (movement), and morphology (shape). Multiple tests may be required for an accurate diagnosis.

Medical History: A thorough medical history helps identify potential underlying causes.

Physical Examination: A physical examination can identify any physical abnormalities that may contribute to low sperm count.

Related – Does Sperm Quality Affect IVF Success?

Treatment Options for Low Sperm Count

Treatment Options for Low Sperm Count

The treatment for low sperm count depends on its underlying causes. Here are some common approaches:

Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a healthier lifestyle by quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, and maintaining a balanced diet can improve sperm count.

Hormone Therapy: Hormone imbalances can be corrected through medication, which may stimulate sperm production.

Surgery: In cases of varicocele or blockages in the reproductive tract, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct the issue.

Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART): ART procedures like Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) or In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) can help couples conceive, even with a low sperm count.

Sperm Retrieval Techniques: In some cases, sperm can be directly retrieved from the testicles or epididymis for use in IVF or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Antioxidant Supplements: Some studies suggest that antioxidant supplements may improve sperm count and quality by reducing oxidative stress.

Stress Management: Managing stress through relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation can have a positive impact on sperm production.

When low sperm count or other infertility issues necessitate advanced treatment like IVF, You should consider SRI IVF Patiala due to our high IVF success rates, the availability of cutting-edge technologies, and our team of highly experienced medical professionals.


Low sperm count can be a significant obstacle on the path to parenthood, but it is a challenge that can often be overcome with the right diagnosis and treatment plan. Whether you require lifestyle changes, medical interventions, or assisted reproductive techniques like IVF, the guidance of a qualified healthcare provider is essential. Additionally, choosing the SRI IVF Patiala can make a world of difference in your fertility journey, ensuring that you receive the highest quality of care and support along the way. Remember that infertility is a shared journey, and with the right resources and healthcare team, many couples can achieve their dream of becoming parents.