How To Increase Sperm Count (Oligospermia) And Motility?


Male fertility is a complex interplay of various factors, with sperm count and motility playing crucial roles. Low sperm count (oligospermia) and poor sperm motility (asthenospermia) can significantly impact a couple’s ability to conceive. However, several strategies and lifestyle changes can help improve these parameters. In this blog post, we will explore effective ways to increase sperm count and motility.

Understanding Sperm Health

Sperm health is determined by several factors, including count, motility (movement), morphology (shape), and overall quality. A semen analysis is typically conducted to assess these parameters. Here’s a brief overview of each:

Sperm Count: The number of sperm present in a semen sample. A healthy sperm count is usually considered to be 15 million sperm per milliliter (ml) or higher.

Sperm Motility: The ability of sperm to move effectively. Motility is categorized into progressive motility (sperm moving forward in a straight line), non-progressive motility (sperm moving but not in a straight line), and immotile (sperm not moving at all). Higher motility increases the chances of fertilization.

Sperm Morphology: The shape and size of sperm. Abnormal morphology can affect the sperm’s ability to fertilize an egg.

Symptoms of Low Sperm Count and Poor Motility

Symptoms of Low Sperm Count and Poor Motility

Symptoms of low sperm count and poor sperm motility may not always be apparent, and many individuals may not realize they have these issues until they attempt to conceive. However, some potential signs and symptoms include:

1. Difficulty Conceiving: The most common symptom of low sperm count or poor sperm motility is difficulty conceiving a child, especially after a year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse.

2. Erectile Dysfunction or Ejaculation Problems: Some men with low sperm count may also experience erectile dysfunction or problems with ejaculation.

3. Pain, Swelling, or Lumps: Pain, swelling, or discomfort in the testicle area may indicate underlying conditions such as varicocele or infection, which can affect sperm production and quality.

4. Hormonal Imbalance: Symptoms such as reduced body hair, gynecomastia (enlarged breasts), or a decrease in muscle mass could suggest hormonal imbalances affecting sperm production.

Causes of Low Sperm Count and Motility

Low sperm count and poor sperm motility can be caused by various factors, including:

• Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle and is a common reversible cause of male infertility.

• Infections: Infections such as epididymitis or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can affect sperm production and motility.

• Hormonal Imbalances: Imbalances in hormones such as testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) can affect sperm production.

• Genetic Factors: Genetic conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome can cause abnormal development of the testicles, leading to low sperm production.

• Lifestyle Factors: Poor diet, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and obesity can negatively impact sperm count and motility.

• Exposure to Environmental Toxins: Prolonged exposure to environmental toxins, such as pesticides, lead, and other heavy metals, can affect sperm quality.

Factors Affecting Sperm Count and Motility:

Several factors can affect sperm count and motility, ultimately impacting male fertility. Understanding these factors is crucial for individuals seeking to improve their reproductive health.

Here are some key factors that can influence sperm count and motility:

Temperature: Sperm production is optimal at a slightly lower temperature than the body’s core. Elevated scrotal temperature, caused by factors like tight clothing, excessive heat exposure, or frequent use of saunas or hot tubs, can negatively affect sperm production and motility.

Lifestyle Habits: Certain lifestyle choices can impact sperm count and motility. Smoking tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption, and the use of recreational drugs can all have detrimental effects. Additionally, being overweight or obese, leading a sedentary lifestyle, and experiencing chronic stress can also affect sperm health.

Age: Sperm count and motility tend to decrease with age. While men continue to produce sperm throughout their lives, the quality and quantity of sperm may decline after the age of 40.

Dietary Factors: Poor nutrition can contribute to low sperm count and motility. Diets high in processed foods, saturated fats, and sugars, and low in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, may negatively impact sperm health. Deficiencies in certain nutrients, such as zinc, selenium, and antioxidants, can also affect sperm production and motility.

How to Increase Sperm Count and Motility?

How to Increase Sperm Count and Motility?

Increasing sperm count and motility is possible through various lifestyle changes, dietary adjustments, and medical interventions. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to improve sperm count and motility:

Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or underweight can affect hormone levels and sperm production. Maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise can improve sperm health.

Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can reduce sperm count and motility. Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake can improve sperm health.

Reduce stress: Finding ways to reduce stress, such as through exercise, meditation, or counseling, can improve sperm production and motility.

Eat a balanced diet: A diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals can improve sperm health. Foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins are beneficial for sperm health.

Avoid exposure to toxins: Limiting exposure to toxins such as pesticides, chemicals, and radiation can improve sperm health.

Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can improve overall health, which can positively impact sperm health.

Get enough sleep: Getting enough sleep is important for overall health and can improve sperm production and motility.

Consider supplements: Supplements such as vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc, and coenzyme Q10 have been shown to improve sperm count and motility.


Increasing sperm count and motility is important for male fertility. By making lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, reducing stress, and eating a balanced diet, men can improve their sperm health and increase their chances of conceiving. Consulting with an Infertility Specialists is important for personalized advice and treatment options for low sperm count and motility.